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Special Factors in IEPs

Question 3.

When does the IEP Team have to develop a behavior intervention plan (BIP)?


The IEP Team determines whether your child needs positive behavioral interventions and supports.

If your child's behavior impedes his learning or the learning of others, the IEP team must develop a plan including positive behavioral interventions, supports, and other strategies to address that behavior. Those services should be added to her IEP.

The school should perform a behavioral assessment to see what strategies will help your child. If strategies in the BIP are not working, an assessment will help determine how to modify the plan. The IEP team should review data on the effectiveness of different strategies to ensure they select appropriate interventions for your child.

A Behavior Intervention Plan (BIP) or positive intervention plan is designed to teach and reinforce positive behavior. A BIP should be individualized, positive, and consistent with your child's needs, ability, and skills.

A behavior intervention plan may include:

  • Skills training to increase appropriate behavior
  • Changes in the classroom and other environments to reduce or eliminate problem behaviors
  • Strategies to replace problem behaviors with appropriate behaviors
  • Supports for your child to use the appropriate behaviors
  • Data collection to monitor your child's progress

If your child's behavior is impeding his ability to learn and it is not addressed in the IEP, the IEP Team must review and revise the IEP to ensure that he receives appropriate positive behavioral interventions and supports and other strategies.

Legal Resource

Wrightslaw: All About IEPs Chapter 7 - Special Factors in IEPs

Wrightslaw: Special Education Law, 2nd Edition


20 U.S.C.§ 1414(d)(3)(B)

20 U.S.C.§ 1415(k)(1)(D)

IDEA Regulations

34 C.F.R. § 300.324.(a)(2)(i)

34 C.F.R. § 300.530.(d)(ii)

Additional Resources

Behavior and Discipline

IEPs for Children with Behavior Problems

Behavior Problems & Discipline: What Parents & Teachers Need to Know

UD DOE Questions & Answers on Discipline Procedures

How Can I Develop SMART Goals for Behavior Problems?

Behavior Management and Appropriate School Response: FBAs, BIPs, & IEEs

NICHCY - Behavior Suite

NICHY - Special Factors/Behavior

Center for Effective Practice and Collaboration

National Technical Assistance Center on Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS)

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